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Food and Drug Administration


b. Background value surveys for risk factors in food and total diet study risk assessments

(a) Investigation and risk assessments of dioxin levels in food

In 2014, the risk assessment was performed for dietary dioxin levels of residents in the Southern

Taiwan. Content surveys and exposure risk assessments were performed for 17 types of

polychlorinated dibenzodioxins / dibenzofurans (PCDDs / PCDFs) and 12 types of dioxin-like

polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) to estimate life-time average daily doses (LADD). Results indicate

that LADD of residents in Southern Taiwan are lower than both the tolerable daily intake (TDI) of

World Health Organization (WHO) and the tolerable weekly intake (TWI) of Scientific Committee on

Food (SCF) of Europe.

(b) Total Diet Study

A total diet study (TDS) was carried out to ensure food safety of fellow citizens and established

a basic food sample database. Supporting samples of special hazardous substances targeted

in the year were also procured and tested for the risk assessment. For 2014, TFDA continued

to build and expand Taiwan's TDS food sample database for pesticide residue established in

the previous year (2013), expanding the database to include 250 representative food products

and testing data for 252 types of pesticide residues to improve the comprehensiveness of TDS

and risk assessments for residual pesticides. Risks for each type of pesticide were estimated

according to the dietary intake of the 250 representative foods among three demographic

groups, with estimated results indicating that the risks are acceptable.

c. Unintended Reaction Reporting for Food Products

In 2008, TFDA has established the

National Reporting System for Unintended Reactions of Health

Food and Food in Capsule or Tablet Forms

to collect post-market safety information from the

general public on any unintended reactions. TFDA consultation committee assessed the cases

reported and product safety to carry out relevant measures at once to minimize potential hazards

and contain the scope of impact. From 2008 to 2014, a total of 150 cases of unintended reactions

were reported for health food and food in capsule or tablet forms. A total of 1,134 food safety

information were also monitored accordingly.

d. Monitoring International Food Safety Alerts

Dedicated TFDA personnel monitored food recall alerts from around the world on a daily basis and

disseminated relevant information to prevent imports of recalled foods infected with potential risk.

In 2014, a total of 267 food consumer Red and Green Lights alerts were published on the Food

and Drug Consumer Knowledge Services Network



(2) Risk Assessment Mechanism and Control

a. Food Product Risk Factor Analysis

In 2014, food risk factor analyses for a total of 3,518 samples were completed, including background

surveys for hazardous substances in food, sanitation standards for commercially available food

products, and compliance surveys for product labels. Information on the

Food and Drug Consumer

Knowledge Services Network

has been transferred and linked with the

Health Risk Assessment

Database for Food Safety

. From 2009 to 2014, a total of 890 risk assessment data was recorded, of

which 50 and 100 risk assessment items were added and updated in 2014.