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Laws & Regulations

Regulations Governing Drug Abuse Urine Testing Operations 【Date:2014-10-23】 unit:風險管理組

1.Promulgated by the Department of Health, Executive Yuan, 24 December 2003
2.Amendment to Article 15,18,and 36,Promulgated by the Department of Health, Executive Yuan, on September 10, 2004.
3.Amendment to Article 18 and 36,Promulgated by the Department of Health, Executive Yuan, on October 14, 2005.
4.Amendment to Article 18,Promulgated by the Department of Health, Executive Yuan, on January 8, 2008.
5.Amendment to Article 25,26,and30 ,Promulgated by the Department of Health, Executive Yuan, on October 24,2008
6.Amendment to Article 14 and 18 ,Promulgated by the Department of Health, Executive Yuan, on July 6, 2011
7.Amendment to Article 35, Promulgated by the Ministry of Health and Welfare, on 23 October 2014

Chapter 1 General Principles
Article 1 These Regulations are enacted pursuant to Paragraph Three, article 33-1 of Statute for Narcotics Hazard Control (hereinafter referred to as "the Statute ").
Article 2 These Regulations are applicable to all kinds of drug abuse urine testing institutions (hereinafter "testing institutions" for short) set forth in Paragraph One, article 33-1 of the Statute.
Article 3 The terms used in these Regulations are defined as follows:
1.Drug abuse: means the use of the narcotics referred to in the Statute for any purpose other than medical treatment and without prescription or instruction of physicians.
2.Urine specimen: means the urine used for testing. Urine specimen (A) is used for routine test, and specimen (B) for retest.
3.Test consignor: means the institution that consigns the urine test.
4.Custody and control form: means the log sheet recording the operations conducted during the process from the collection of the urine specimen until test in the testing institution.
5.Batch: a batch means a group of test specimens being pretreated and tested at the same time.
6.Initial test: means the test of using immunoassay or gas chromatography method to eliminate negative specimens.
7.Confirmatory test: means the test conducted to confirm the suspected specific drug or drug metabolite in the urine specimen.
8.Retest: means the confirmatory test conducted over specimen (B) to confirm again the existence of the drug or drug metabolite in the urine specimen.
9.Quality control urine: means the urine specimen used to confirm whether the urine test is conducted accurately, including quality control specimen prepared by tester and blind quality control specimen prepared by quality personnel.
10.Standard: means the substance or solution used to prepare quality control urine.
11.Calibrator: means the urine specimen with known concentration of drug used for quantitative comparison.
12.Blind performance specimen: means the specimen prepared by the test consignor to perform blind performance test.
13.Cutoff value: means the concentration of drug or drug metabolite used to judge whether the specimen is negative or positive.
14.Limit of quantification: means the lowest concentration enabling the instrument to confirm and quantify the drug tested.
Chapter 2 Specimen Collection and Management
Article 4 The testing institutions shall prescribe the chain of custody procedures for specimen collection and management, from the collection of urine specimen, test, reply of test report, to the storage of urine specimen and disposal of residual specimen, and record the handler, date and purpose of each operation.
Article 5 Matters records in the custody and control form shall include, at least, the serial number of urine specimen, the name and ID No. of donor, the name and address of test consignor, the name and address of urine collecting institution, the name of collector, the time of urine collection, important and special evidences, as well as the time, purpose and operator of the collection, disposal, storage and withdrawal of specimen. Both the copy for testing institution of the custody and control form and test specimen sent to testing institution shall not include the name and ID No. of donor, or any other personal data sufficient for identification.
Article 6 Upon receipt of a urine specimen, the testing institution shall first confirm whether the specimen conforms to the description in the custody and control form. If any abnormity is found, the testing institution shall immediately notify the consignor and record it in the custody and control form.
Article 7 The testing institution shall take the following safety measures for the disposal of specimens and in the storage place of test data:
1.Any unauthorized person may not dispose the urine specimen or participate in the disposal conducted by the testing institution;
2.Any person may not enter the storage place of urine or data without being accompanied by authorized personnel; and
3.When an authorized person needs to dispose the urine specimen, participate in the disposal conducted by the testing institution or enter the storage place of data, the name, date and time shall be recorded.
Article 8 Upon receipt of a urine specimen, the testing institution shall store the specimen in a refrigerator below 6°C before proceeding drug test.
Article 9 The testing institution shall dispose the residual specimens in accordance with the relevant provisions or the agreement reached with the test consignor. Except for juridical cases, a negative urine specimen shall be destroyed fourteen days after the test report is delivered, and a positive urine specimen shall be stored in a freezer below -20°C.
Article 10 The testing institution shall store the urine specimen (B) in freezer below -20°C, and all access operations shall be recorded in the custody and control form.
Chapter 3 Test Operations and Cutoff Values
Article 11 Urine test is classified into initial test and confirmatory test.
Article 12 The testing institution shall access the urine specimens into several lots and test them lot by lot, and the quantity of each lot shall be determined in respect of the testing method. Every lot of specimens for initial or confirmatory test shall include proper quantity of quality control urine and blind quality control urine, and shall be tested as common urine specimens.
Article 13 The sources of the standard and quality control urine used by the testing institution shall be recorded and the content, date of production and validity period shall be marked.
Article 14 The testing institution shall prepare a quality manual to prescribe all the standard operation procedures for laboratory operations, and the contents shall at least include the following items:
1.Chain of custody procedures;
2.Storage and withdrawal for use of specimens;
3.Analytical methods and procedures:
(1)Principle of each drug test
(2)Methods to prepare reagent, standard and quality control urine.
(3)Testing methods and calibration procedures.
(4)Principle for judgment of testing result.
(5)Sensitivity, linear range, limit of detection, and limit of qauntification, of the testing method.
4.Quality management and quality assurance.
5.Measures for correction and prevention of system abnormity.
6.List of testing equipments and maintenance plan.
7.Employee training.
8.Procedures of producing test report and format of report.
9.Computer, software and laboratory information management system.
10. Using quality policy, quality objectives, audit results, analysis of data, corrective and preventive actions and management review to improve the effectiveness of management system continually.
Article 15 Initial test shall use immunoassay method. Where the concentration of drug or drug metabolite in the urine specimen are not lower than the following cutoff values, the specimen shall be judged as positive:
1.Amphetamines: 500 ng/mL.
2.Opiate metabolites: 300 ng/mL.
3.Marijuana metabolites: 50 ng/mL.
4.Cocaine metabolites: 300 ng/mL.
5.Ketamine metabolites: 100 ng/mL.
The initial test results of abused drugs or their metabolites other than listed in the preceding paragraph shall be determined according to the cutoff values in respect of the immunoassay method. In absence of suitable immunoassay method, other suitable analytical method may be adopted to conduct test with the support of proper detector, and the cutoff values may be determined appropriately according to the limit of quantification.
Article 16 Where the initial test results are lower than the cutoff values set forth in the preceding Article, the urine specimen shall be judged as negative; and the residual specimen shall be disposed in accordance with the provision of article 9.
Article 17 The testing institution may use two or more initial test methods to test a same kind of abused drug, and shall observe the provisions set forth in these Regulations.
Article 18 Where the initial test results are not lower than the cutoff values or any doubt arises about the test result of the urine specimen, gas chromatography/mass spectrometry method or liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry method shall be used to perform confirmatory test. If the test results are not lower than the following cutoff values, the specimen shall be judged as positive:
1.Amphetamines:
(1)Amphetamine: 500 ng/mL.
(2)Methamphetamine: Methamphetamine 500 ng/mL, and its metabolite amphetamine not less than 100 ng/mL.
(3)3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA): 500 ng/mL. If both MDMA and MDA are found and the concentration of each is lower than 500ng/mL, but the total concentration is not lower than 500 ng/mL, the specimen shall also be judged as MDMA positive.
(4)3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA): 500 ng/mL.
(5)3,4-Methylenedioxyethylamphetamine (MDEA): 500 ng/mL.
2.Opiates:
(1)Morphine: 300 ng/mL.
(2)Codeine: 300 ng/mL.
3.Marijuana metabolite (Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboxylic acid): 15 ng/mL.
4.Cocaine metabolite (Benzoylecgonine): 150 ng/mL.
5.Ketamine metabolites:
(1)Ketamine: 100 ng/mL. If both Ketamine and Norketamine are found and the concentration of each is lower than 100 ng/mL, but the total concentration is not lower than 100 ng/mL, the specimen shall also be judged as Ketamine positive.
(2)Norketamine: 100 ng/mL.
For the abused drugs other than listed in the preceding paragraph or other metabolites, proper cutoff values may be set forth according to the limit of quantification in respect of the gas chromatography/mass spectrometry method or liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry method.
Article 19 Where the confirmatory test results are lower than the limit of quantification set forth in the preceding Article, the urine specimen shall be judged as negative; and the residual specimen shall be disposed in accordance with the provision of article 9.
Article 20 For the drug abuse urine used for juridical cases, the limits of quantification may be used as cutoff values where necessary, without being limited by the provisions of Articles 15 and 18.
Article 21 The test report shall be produced by the testing institution in writing.
Article 22 Where necessary, the test consignor may request the testing institution to provide original test records or test results.
Article 23 If the test consignor doesn't agree with the result of urine test, it may explain the reasons to request retest within fourteen days following receipt of test report.
Article 24 The limit of quantification of abused drugs or their metabolites tested by the testing institution shall be used as the basis of the cutoff values for retest of urine specimens. Where the retest result are lower than the limit of quantification, the specimen shall be judged as negative; where not lower than the limit of quantification, positive.
Chapter 4 Quality Control and Quality Assurance
Article 25 Each batch of initial test specimens shall include the following quality control urines:
1.At least one urine specimen without the drugs to be tested or their metabolites.
2.At least one specimen of quality control urine with a concentration of the drugs to be tested or their metabolites about 25% above the cutoff value.
3.At least one specimen of quality control urine with a concentration of the drugs to be tested or their metabolites about 25% below the cutoff value.
4.At least one specimen of blind quality control urine prepared by the testing institution itself.
Article 26 Each batch of initial test specimens shall include at least 10% of quality control urines, and at least among 1% of the blind quality control urines prepared by the testing institution itself.
Article 27 Each batch of confirmatory test specimens shall include the following quality control urines:
1.Single-point calibration specimen at the cutoff value.
2.At least a urine specimen without the drugs to be tested or their metabolites.
3.At least one specimen of positive quality control urine with a concentration of the drugs to be tested or their metabolites about 25% above the cutoff value .
4.At least one specimen of negative quality control urine with a concentration of the drugs to be tested or their metabolites about 25% below the cutoff value .
5.At least one specimen of blind quality control urine prepared inside the testing institution.
Article 28 Each batch of confirmatory test specimens shall include at least 10% of quality control urines.
Article 29 Each batch of retest specimens shall include at least one specimen of quality control urines with a concentration of the drugs or their metabolites 40% below the cutoff value.
Article 30 The linearity, precision and accuracy of the confirmatory test methods of the testing institutions shall be validated at least once every year.
Article 31 The testing institutions shall prescribe a quality assurance plan of the testing procedures, including the procedures of specimen management, initial and confirmatory test methods, and test reports, and designate full-time personnel to carry through the plan.
Article 32 The testing institutions shall work out procurement procedure and acceptance standards conforming to the quality requirements for the material and technical services regarding urine test, and keep the related recording documents.
Article 33 The testing institutions shall prescribe the principles for settling the disputes raised by the test consignor.
Article 34 The testing institutions shall prescribe the procedures for internal periodical audit and management review.
Chapter 5 Supplementary Provisions
Article 35 The health institutions designated by the Ministry of Health and Welfare to conduct drug abuse urine test and the laboratories established by government departments before these Regulations take effect shall, within three years commencing from the date when these Regulations come into force, modify the original test items and methods in accordance with the provisions of these Regulations.
Article 36 These Regulations shall come into force on 9 January 2004.
The amended articles hereof shall come into effect as of the day of promulgation.